Prolific threat actor TA551 using new malware IcedID

Threat Level – Amber | Vulnerability Report
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TA551 is a financially motivated threat group that has been active at least since 2018. The gang primarily targeted English, German, Italian, and Japanese speakers through email-based malware distribution activities. IcedID, a modular banking trojan, is used by this threat actor to hijack current email conversation threads and inject malicious payloads.

As the first attack vector, the threat actor takes control of a critical email account in an organization in order to send a phishing email and hijack a conversation. They might be able to do so by targeting  a vulnerable Microsoft Exchange server (Proxyshell or Proxylogon vulnerabilities). A ZIP file containing an ISO file would be attached to the email. A LNK and a DLL file are included in this ISO file. When the victim double-clicks the LNK file, the Regsvr32 utility runs the DLL file, which then loads the IcedID loader. The host is then scanned, and the C2 server receives the basic system information via an HTTP GET request. Then the C2 server sends a payload to the system in order to infect it.

The MITRE TTPs commonly used by IcedID are:

TA0001: Initial AccessTA0002: ExecutionTA0003: PersistenceTA0004: Privilege EscalationTA0005; Defense EvasionTA0007: DiscoveryTA0009: CollectionTA0011: Command and ControlT1087.002: Account Discovery: Domain AccountT1071.001: Application Layer Protocol: Web ProtocolsT1547.001: Boot or Logon Autostart Execution: Registry Run Keys / Startup FolderT1185: Browser Session HijackingT1059.005: Command and Scripting Interpreter: Visual BasicT1573.002: Encrypted Channel: Asymmetric CryptographyT1105: Ingress Tool TransferT1106: Native APIT1027: Obfuscated Files or InformationT1027.002: Software PackingT1027.003: SteganographyT1069: Permission Groups DiscoveryT1566.001: Phishing: Spearphishing AttachmentT1055.004: Process Injection: Asynchronous Procedure CallT1053.005: Scheduled Task/Job: Scheduled TaskT1218.007: Signed Binary Proxy Execution: MsiexecT1082: System Information DiscoveryT1204.002: User Execution: Malicious FileT1047: Windows Management Instrumentation

Actor Details

Indicators of Compromise (IoCs)


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